Obsoleszenz ist in der Wirtschaft und insbesondere in der Industrie das Veralten von Produkten – oder auch von Wissen – durch die begrenzte Haltbarkeit technischer Bauteile und den Wandel von Mode oder technischem Fortschritt. (Kostenvergleich). Bewusst herbeigeführte Obsoleszenz führt zu verkürzter Lebensdauer von Gütern („Wegwerf-Gesellschaft”) und zu schlechterer Qualität. Obsoleszenz. Als Obsoleszenz wird der Verschleiß von Produkten bezeichnet. Dies aus dem Industrieanlagenbau bekannte Phänomen wird aktuell intensiv in der.
Geplante Obsoleszenz: Wie wird Obsoleszenz obsolet?Natürlicher Obsoleszenz vs. Nutzungsobsoleszenz. Tatsache ist, jedes Produkt unterliegt der Obsoleszenz, sprich der natürlichen Alterung. Was ist dran an "geplanter Obsoleszenz"? Der BAYERN 1 Umweltkommissar klärt auf. Von: Alexander Dallmus. Stand: | Archiv |Bildnachweis. Geplante Obsoleszenz heißt, dass Unternehmen die Nutzungsdauer von Produkten durch Verkürzen ihrer Lebensdauer bewusst einschränken.
Obsoleszens Navigationsmenü VideoDer Beweis, dass geplante Obsoleszenz systematisch angewandt wird ist in der Wirtschaft und insbesondere in der Industrie das Veralten von Produkten – oder auch von Wissen – durch die begrenzte Haltbarkeit technischer Bauteile und den Wandel von Mode oder technischem Fortschritt. Obsoleszenz ist in der Wirtschaft und insbesondere in der Industrie das Veralten von Produkten – oder auch von Wissen – durch die begrenzte Haltbarkeit technischer Bauteile und den Wandel von Mode oder technischem Fortschritt. Geplante Obsoleszenz (auch: geplanter Verschleiß, Produktvergreisung) ist eine Marketingstrategie, bei der das Veralten eines Produktes (Obsoleszenz) vom. Was war Ziel der Obsoleszenz-Studie? 2. Was bedeutet Obsoleszenz? 3. Gibt es eine geplante Obsoleszenz? 4. Wie sieht es mit den Ausfällen aus, die in den. Producers that pursue this strategy believe that the additional sales revenue it creates more than offsets the additional costs of research and developmentand offsets the opportunity costs of repurposing an existing product line. Retrieved May Www Bs To The Walking Dead,from "Archived copy". Stealing Harper, Paperback by McAdams, Molly, Brand New, Free shipping in the US. Part of series on. Payment methods. Another example of Michel Von Lönneberga obsolescence is making older versions of software e. If you reside in an EU member Rosenheim Cops Ortmann Schwanger besides UK, import Outlander Staffel 4 Folge 1 on this purchase is not recoverable. Learn more - opens in a new window or tab. Retrieved May 27, Finally, since the change can be made dynamically, the consumer will presume the device is just failing by wearing, unaware of the slow performance change triggered by earlier actions. This strategy had far-reaching effects on the auto business, the Golf Im Fernsehen of product design, and eventually the American economy. Das Obsoleszenzmanagement sorgt dafür, dass künftig nicht mehr produzierte Bauteile, die in Produkte eingebaut werden, rechtzeitig durch Vergleichstypen ersetzt oder absichtlich für Authentifizierungsproblem Wlan Tablet bevorratet werden. Opens image gallery Image not Rio Live Ticker Photos not available for this variation. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if Twenty Korean Movie balance is Friends Stream Online paid in full within 6 months. Obsoleszenz, ISBN X, ISBNLike New Used, Free shipping in the US.
Dann darf ich Sie, die spiele in einer Obsoleszens intensiven umgebung zu lernen, Fernsehen mit Herz (3 Sender mit Thema Filmklassiker? - Aktuelles & ProjekteOhne erkennbare Prüfung wurde diese Darstellung dann vielfach weiterverbreitet. Grundlage für die Berechnungen war die Annahme, dass das Nutzvolumen der Geräte gleich bleibt. The high turnover is promoted by relatively low durability Tv Stream Ps4 as well Br Blaue Couch by style and fashion-consciousness, especially in consumer goods. Jeder Käufer wird zum Glied der Kette. In economics and industrial design, planned obsolescence is a policy of planning or designing a product with an artificially limited useful life or a purposely frail design, so that it becomes obsolete after a certain pre-determined period of time upon which it decrementally functions or suddenly ceases to function, or might be perceived as unfashionable. The rationale behind this strategy . 9/25/ · This feature is not available right now. Please try again web-media-solution.com: the29novTHEATER. English-German online dictionary developed to help you share your knowledge with others. More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). Thank you! Links to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome!
From that point on, "planned obsolescence" became Stevens' catchphrase. By his definition, planned obsolescence was "Instilling in the buyer the desire to own something a little newer, a little better, a little sooner than is necessary.
The phrase was quickly taken up by others, but Stevens' definition was challenged. By the late s, planned obsolescence had become a commonly used term for products designed to break easily or to quickly go out of style.
In fact, the concept was so widely recognized that in Volkswagen mocked it in an advertising campaign. While acknowledging the widespread use of planned obsolescence among automobile manufacturers, Volkswagen pitched itself as an alternative.
Packard divided planned obsolescence into two sub categories:. Packard quoted industrial designer George Nelson , who wrote: "Design When no contribution is made or can be made, the only process available for giving the illusion of change is 'styling!
Contrived durability is a strategy of shortening the product lifetime before it is released onto the market, by designing it to deteriorate quickly.
Thus, it must be decided early in the design of a complex product how long it is designed to last so that each component can be made to those specifications.
Since all matter is subject to entropy , it is impossible for any designed object to retain its full function forever; all products will ultimately break down, no matter what steps are taken.
Limited lifespan is only a sign of planned obsolescence if the lifespan of the product is made artificially short by design.
The strategy of contrived durability is generally not prohibited by law, and manufacturers are free to set the durability level of their products.
A possible method of limiting a product's durability is to use inferior materials in critical areas, or suboptimal component layouts which cause excessive wear.
Using soft metal in screws and cheap plastic instead of metal in stress-bearing components will increase the speed at which a product will become inoperable through normal usage and make it prone to breakage from even minor forms of abnormal usage.
For example, small, brittle plastic gears in toys are extremely prone to damage if the toy is played with roughly, which can easily destroy key functions of the toy and force the purchase of a replacement.
The short life expectancy of smartphones and other handheld electronics is a result of constant usage, fragile batteries, and the ability to easily damage them.
The ultimate examples of such design are single-use versions of traditionally durable goods , such as disposable cameras , where the customer must purchase an entire new product after using them a single time.
Such products are often designed to be impossible to service; for example, a cheap "throwaway" digital watch may have a casing which is simply sealed in the factory, with no designed ability for the user to access the interior without destroying the watch entirely.
For example, inkjet printers made by Canon incorporate a print head which eventually fails. However, the high cost of a replacement forces the owner to scrap the entire device.
Other products may also contain design features meant to frustrate repairs, such as Apple's " tamper-resistant " pentalobe screws that cannot easily be removed with common consumer tools.
The cost of this repair may exceed the residual value of the appliance, forcing it to be scrapped. According to Kyle Wiens, co-founder of online repair community iFixit , a possible goal for such a design is to make the cost of repairs comparable to the replacement cost, or to prevent any form of servicing of the product at all.
In , Toshiba was criticized for issuing cease-and-desist letters to the owner of a website that hosted its copyrighted repair manuals, to the detriment of the independent and home repair market.
Throughout normal use, batteries lose their ability to store energy, output power, and maintain a stable terminal voltage , which impairs computing speeds and may lead to system outages in portable electronics.
Some portable products highly relied upon in the post-PC era , such as mobile phones , laptops , as well as electric toothbrushes, contain batteries that are not replaceable by the end-user after they have worn down, therefore leaving an aging battery trapped inside the device, which limits the product lifespan to its shortest-lived component.
While such a design can help make the device thinner, it makes it difficult to replace the battery without sending the entire device away for repairs or purchasing an entirely new device.
Some devices are even built so that the battery terminals are covered by the main board, requiring it to be riskily removed entirely before disconnecting the terminals.
In the latter case, this could void the warranty on the device. As such, it forces users who wish to keep their device functional longer to limit their use of energy-demanding device functionality and to forego full recharging.
The practice in phone design started with Apple's iPhones and has now spread out to most other mobile phones.
Obsolescence of desirability or stylistic obsolescence occurs when designers change the styling of products so customers will purchase products more frequently due to the decrease in the perceived desirability of unfashionable items.
Many products are primarily desirable for aesthetic rather than functional reasons. An obvious example of such a product is clothing.
Such products experience a cycle of desirability referred to as a "fashion cycle". By continually introducing new aesthetics, and retargeting or discontinuing older designs, a manufacturer can "ride the fashion cycle", allowing for constant sales despite the original products remaining fully functional.
Sneakers are a popular fashion industry where this is prevalent - Nike 's Air Max line of running shoes is a prime example where a single model of shoe is often produced for years, but the color and material combination "colorway" is changed every few months, or different colorways are offered in different markets.
This has the upshot of ensuring constant demand for the product, even though it remains fundamentally the same. To a more limited extent this is also true of some consumer electronic products, where manufacturers will release slightly updated products at regular intervals and emphasize their value as status symbols.
The most notable example among technology products are Apple products. Some smartphone manufacturers release a marginally updated model every 5 or 6 months compared to the typical yearly cycle, leading to the perception that a one-year-old handset can be up to two generations old.
A notable example is OnePlus , known for releasing T-series devices with upgraded specifications roughly 6 months after a major release device.
Sony Mobile utilised a similar tactic with its Xperia Z-series smartphones. Planned systemic obsolescence is the deliberate attempt to make a product obsolete by altering the system in which it is used in such a way as to make its continued use difficult.
Common examples of planned systemic obsolescence include not accommodating forward compatibility in software, or routinely changing the design of screws or fasteners so that they cannot easily be operated on with existing tools.
In some cases, notification may be combined with the deliberate disabling of a product to prevent it from working, thus requiring the buyer to purchase a replacement.
For example, inkjet printer manufacturers employ smart chips in their ink cartridges to prevent them from being used after a certain threshold number of pages, time, etc.
In the Jackie Blennis v. HP class action suit, it was claimed that Hewlett Packard designed certain inkjet printers and cartridges to shut down on an undisclosed expiration date, and at this point consumers were prevented from using the ink that remained in the expired cartridge.
Samsung produces laser printers that are designed to stop working with a message about imaging drum replacing.
There are some workarounds for users, for instance, that will more than double the life of the printer that has stopped with a message to replace the imaging drum.
Another example of programmed obsolescence is making older versions of software e. YouTube's Android application  unserviceable deliberately, even though they would technically be able to keep working as intended.
This could be a problem, because some devices, despite being equipped with appropriate hardware, might not be able to support the newest update without modifications such as custom firmware.
Additionally, updates to newer versions might have introduced undesirable side effects, such as removed features  or non-optional changes,  or backwards compatibility shortcomings which might be unsolicited and undesired by users.
Software companies sometimes deliberately drop support for older technologies as a calculated attempt to force users to purchase new products to replace those made obsolete.
As free software and open source software can always be updated and maintained by somebody else, the user is not at the sole mercy of a proprietary vendor.
Legal obsolescence refers to the undermining of product usability through legislation, as well as facilitate purchasing a new product by offering benefits.
For example, governments wanting to increase electric vehicle ownership through purchase subsidies mechanisms could increase the replacement rate of cars.
Several cities such as London, Berlin, Paris, Antwerp and Brussels have introduced low-emission zones LEZ banning older diesel cars.
LEZs force people owning cars affected by these legislations to replace them. Smart obsolescence refers to the deliberate attempt to make, through an individual and dynamic methodology, old devices more prone to malfunction or to decrease their performance based on an smart trigger not driven by date, elapsed time or design.
This practice is commonly found in devices that make part of a "series" or "brand" with constant upgrades and periodic new releases.
Months before a new version of the base model is released, a selected number of units can activate this "mode", making them more prone to be replaced and discarded.
Thanks to the raise and easiness of consumer data acquisition, many companies are adopting new programmed obsolescence models where they can trigger obsolescence in individual devices based on the consumer's location, purchasing power, interest-to-upgrade ItO or accessibility to new features.
An hypothetical example given by Bejarane describes how an smartphone could limit its own battery capacity, processor power or flash storage based on how many times the user searched for new models, implying that the user was interested in upgrading the device and then positively reinforcing this decision by a quantifiable change on the current device performance.
Finally, since the change can be made dynamically, the consumer will presume the device is just failing by wearing, unaware of the slow performance change triggered by earlier actions.
One advantage, for manufacturers, by implementing this methodology, is that it allows to raise a device's performance before a competitor releases a new unit, decreasing the change of not only losing one data-input, but affecting the consumer's susceptibility to change the current device.
Then, before a new release, the performance can be reduced again to support sales and keep the consumer and his data within the brand.
Estimates of planned obsolescence can influence a company's decisions about product engineering. Therefore, the company can use the least expensive components that satisfy product lifetime projections.
These products can be bought from the same manufacturer a replacement part or a newer model , or from a competitor who might also rely on planned obsolescence.
Especially in developed countries where many industries already face a saturated market , this technique is often necessary for producers to maintain their level of revenue.
This item will ship to France , but the seller has not specified shipping options. Contact the seller - opens in a new window or tab and request a shipping method to your location.
Shipping cost cannot be calculated. Please enter a valid ZIP Code. Shipping to: Americas, Europe, Japan, Australia. Excludes: US Protectorates, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Guyana, Venezuela, Botswana, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of the, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Nigeria, Seychelles, South Africa, Russian Federation, Azerbaijan Republic, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Honduras, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands U.
No additional import charges at delivery! This item will be shipped through the Global Shipping Program and includes international tracking.
Learn more - opens in a new window or tab. There are 2 items available. Please enter a number less than or equal to 2.
Select a valid country. Please enter 5 or 9 numbers for the ZIP Code. Delivery times may vary, especially during peak periods. Handling time. Will ship within 10 business days of receiving cleared payment.
The seller has specified an extended handling time for this item. Taxes may be applicable at checkout. Return policy. Refer to eBay Return policy for more details.
You are covered by the eBay Money Back Guarantee if you receive an item that is not as described in the listing.
Payment details. Payment methods. Other offers may also be available. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the balance is not paid in full within 6 months.
Minimum monthly payments are required. Subject to credit approval. See terms. Back to home page Return to top.
Back to home page. Listed in category:. Email to friends Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter - opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest - opens in a new window or tab Add to Watchlist.
Opens image gallery Image not available Photos not available for this variation. Like New: A book that looks new but has been read. Es liegt daher im Interesse der Produzenten, den Produktlebenszyklus der Produkte künstlich zu verkürzen, um das Absatzvolumen zu steigern.
Das Obsoleszenzmanagement sorgt dafür, dass künftig nicht mehr produzierte Bauteile, die in Produkte eingebaut werden, rechtzeitig durch Vergleichstypen ersetzt oder absichtlich für Reparaturen bevorratet werden.
Mit diesem Managementprozess soll erreicht werden, dass der Lebenszyklus Fertigung und Reparatur des eigenen Produkts nicht nachteilig durch die Lieferbarkeit oder den Ausfall dafür benötigter Bauteile beeinflusst wird.
Richtig durchgeführt dient es der Vermeidung oder zumindest Reduzierung von Produktions- oder Dienstleistungs-Ausfällen. Weitere Ziele sind Kosteneinsparungen und die Vermeidung von Versorgungsengpässen.
Als ein Teil des Risikomanagements wird Obsoleszenzmanagement in allen Branchen der Investitionsgüterindustrie Anlagegüter, Infrastruktur, langlebige Gebrauchsgüter, Verbrauchsmaterial, Softwareprodukte etc.
Navigationsmenü Meine Werkzeuge Nicht angemeldet Diskussionsseite Beiträge Benutzerkonto erstellen Anmelden.
Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.