Der Krieg im Jemen ist auch ein Konflikt zwischen den Regionalmächten Saudi-Arabien und Iran. Riad intervenierte , um ein Erstarken. Der Konflikt zwischen Saudi-Arabien und dem Iran dreht sich nicht nur um Religion: Die Länder rivalisieren um die Macht am Golf. Die Saudis wollen Irans. Seit haben CARPO und das EastWest Institute in Brüssel ein Dialogformat zwischen Iran und Saudi-Arabien aufgebaut und als bilateralen Dialogkanal.
Saudi-Arabien denkt über atomare Bewaffnung nachSaudi-Arabien und der Iran sind seit langem tief verfeindet. Unter einem US-Präsidenten Joe Biden dürfte der Konflikt eine neue Dynamik. Israels Ministerpräsident Netanjahu ist nach Saudi-Arabien gereist. Das Treffen mit dem saudischen Prinzen wird vermutlich Geschichte. Iran-Krise. Die auffällige Zurückhaltung Saudi-Arabiens. In Riad beobachtet man den Konflikt zwischen den USA und Iran mit Sorge.
Iran Saudi How come Saudi Arabia and Iran don't get along? VideoAdel al-Jubeir: 'Saudi Arabia does not want a war with Iran' - BBC News
Syria is an obvious example, while in Yemen Saudi Arabia has accused Iran of supplying ballistic missiles fired at Saudi territory by the rebel Houthi movement.
Iran is also accused of flexing its muscle in the strategic waterways of the Gulf, through which oil is shipped from Saudi Arabia.
The US says Iran was behind recent attacks on foreign tankers there - something it denies. So far Tehran and Riyadh have fought via proxies.
Neither is really geared up for a direct war with the other but a major Houthi attack against the Saudi capital or, as in the most recent case, against a key economic target could upset the apple cart.
Houthi attacks against Saudi Arabia's infrastructure have inevitably added a new front to the confrontation between Tehran and Riyadh. As in the Gulf, where Iran and Saudi face each other across a maritime border, rising tensions could risk a much broader conflict.
For the US and other Western powers, freedom of navigation in the Gulf is essential and any conflict that sought to block the waterway - vital for international shipping and oil transportation - could easily draw in US naval and air forces.
For a long time the US and its allies have seen Iran as a destabilising force in the Middle East. The Saudi leadership increasingly sees Iran as an existential threat and the crown prince seems willing to take whatever action he sees necessary, wherever he deems it necessary, to confront Tehran's rising influence.
Saudi Arabia's vulnerability has been demonstrated by these latest attacks on its oil installations. If a war breaks out, it will be more perhaps by accident rather than design.
But the Saudis' own activism, encouraged in part by a lingering uncertainty as to the Trump administration's own goals in the region, inevitably adds another element of tension.
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Who is Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman? The Saudi government, which took this religious decree against Rushdie as an act aimed at gaining Muslim sympathy across the world, came up with its own verdict of making Rushdie appear before an Islamic tribunal before he could be delivered a death sentence.
When Iraq invaded Kuwait in , Iran criticised and condemned the invasion. This stance from Iran, in favor of the Kuwaitis, and the anti-Iraqi coalition of the Persian Gulf states helped to improve relations between Iran and the GCC, namely Saudi Arabia.
Both Iran and Saudi Arabia rejected the use of force as a solution to regional problems and opposed the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq.
Iran went further, by backing UN sanctions against Iraq. Iran viewed the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait as a serious threat, considering it the first step towards its expansionist mindset.
During the war, relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia thawed considerably and the official ties were restored in This short resumption of political ties was followed by quick high level visits, notably, in April , Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati visited Saudi Arabia to propose an Iranian-Gulf Cooperation Council alliance with a mandate for the security of the Persian Gulf, during a meeting with the late King Fahd.
He claimed the Gulf Cooperation Council was too weak and hence failed to prevent the invasion of Kuwait, and stressed the need of the inclusion of Iran to strengthen such a regional agency to ensure stability.
The Hajj Pilgrimage issue was also resolved. In , the Saudi authorities allowed , Iranian pilgrims, which was more in number compared to the quota of 45,, that had led to Iran's abrupt boycott.
The Saudis also agreed to an Iranian request of allowing 5, relatives and friends of the "martyrs" of the incident to attend the Hajj Pilgrimage that year.
In later years, Iran adopted a careful approach and undertook measures for preventing a repeat of that incident.
Iranian authorities tried to discourage large demonstrations by its pilgrims and attempted to have them held within the confines of the Iranian encampment,  due to the fact that certain Iranian Shi'ite rituals are not accepted by other sects of Islam, and could have endangered the lives of Iranian Pilgrims if conducted openly.
On 23 June , a massive truck bomb exploded near U. The US government held Iran responsible for the attack. The charges against Iran, however, remained unconfirmed, and therefore did not substantively affect the Iranian—Saudi relations.
The meeting of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference OIC in Iran heralded a shift in the attitude of the Arab States towards Iran.
Several Arab countries confirmed their commitment to the conference. Saudi Arabia, which was previously criticized by Iran because of its control over the main Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina and also because of its perceived reliance on the United States for security, also participated in the meeting.
In the OIC summit meeting, Saudi Arabia was represented by Crown Prince Abdullah later King and its Minister of Foreign affairs Saud Al Faisal.
Saudi participation proved helpful in the process of further reconciliation between Iran and Saudi Arabia. As a result, Saudi ministerial delegations visited Iran and later on, the official visit of President Mohammad Khattami to Saudi Arabia took place in February This was the first visit by an Iranian President to Saudi Arabia after the Iranian Revolution.
The aim was to address pressing economic issues of the time. Iran was looking for a reallocation of OPEC Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries producing quotas to which it required strong support from Saudi Arabia.
It was also reported that Iran was trying to persuade Saudi Arabia to consider exporting the Iranian Infrastructure to Central Asia.
Iran also expected that the issue of the regional security alliance would be raised in which the alliance for the security of the region could be made to ensure stability on both borders of the Persian Gulf.
A Comprehensive Cooperation Agreement was signed between Saudi Arabia and Iran in May , in which both countries agreed to cooperate in the field of economics, culture and sports.
The relationship between Saudi Arabia and Iran was further improved when Khatami, the then President of Iran, on his tour to neighboring Arab countries, visited Saudi Arabia in May President Khatami stayed for five days in Saudi Arabia in which various discussions were held between the heads of both countries.
Discussions included Persian Gulf security, efforts to increase global oil prices, the situation in Iraq and the development of a common geo-strategic approach to regional issues.
In addition to this, Saudi Arabia and Iran signed an agreement known as the Saudi-Iranian security agreement in April In July , the late King Fahd of Saudi Arabia urged other Persian Gulf countries to improve their relations with Iran.
King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, speaking at the opening session of the Shura Council said that it was in the interest of all the countries of the Persian Gulf to improve relations with Iran.
He further said that all the other countries should follow Saudi Arabia's lead. Yemeni rebels, known as Houthis , who are a politically infused religious rebel group based in the Yemen, crossed into Saudi Arabia, whereby they killed two border guards and seized Saudi territory, including the strategically important Mount al-Doud.
This triggered the largest Saudi military operation since the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in Yemen's government, as well as the Arabs, accused Iran of arming the Houthis.
Iran has heavily criticized Saudi Arabia for their intervention in the Houthi insurgency in Yemen. Iran's then president Ahmadinejad was quoted as saying: "Saudi Arabia was expected to mediate in Yemen's internal conflict as an older brother and restore peace to the Muslim state, rather than launching military strike[s] and pounding bombs on Muslim civilians in the north of Yemen," whilst Saudi foreign minister Saud Al Faisal counter-accused Iran of meddling in Yemen's internal affairs.
Ahmadinejad went even further saying: "Some Western states invaded the region Afghanistan and Iraq in the wake of the 11 September attacks, whilst Al-Qaeda's main hub was located in another country in the region, which enjoys huge oil revenues and good relations with the United States and Western countries.
There are some countries in the Middle East region that do not hold even a single election, don't allow women to drive, but the US and European governments are supporting their undemocratic governments," in reference to Saudi Arabia.
Adel al-Jubeir, the foreign minister of Saudi Arabia, stated in one of his articles that Al-Qaeda's chief of operations "Saif al-Adel placed a call from Iran in May giving orders for the Riyadh bombings that claimed more than 30 lives, including eight Americans.
Yet he still benefits from Iranian protection" . Two Iranian officers were captured in Yemeni city of Aden during the fighting between local militia and Houthis.
On 11 October , US accused Iran of planning to assassinate the Saudi-Arabian ambassador to the US Adel Al-Jubbair. In , in response to the global sanctions against Iran , Saudi Arabia offered to offset the loss of Iranian oil sales and Iran warned against this.
In April , media reported that two Iranian teenage pilgrims to Saudi Arabia had been sexually harassed by Saudi police at the Jeddah Airport.
Hundreds of Iranians protested outside Saudi Arabia's Embassy in Tehran over the alleged abuse of these two Iranian pilgrims in 11 April and clashed with police forces after trying to climb the embassy walls.
Saud al-Faisal , foreign minister of Saudi Arabia have pledged to Iran's Ambassador that his government will punish the two Saudi policemen, very soon.
Mansour al-Turki, spokesman of Interior ministry of Saudi Arabia , informed that the accused airport staff members have been arrested and referred to court and Iranian ambassador to Saudi Arabia has been informed and the suspects have been referred for investigation.
In late May , Yemeni hacking group Yemen Cyber Army launched a cyber attack on Saudi Arabia's Foreign, Interior and Defense Ministries' website to gain a portion of classified information and top secret documents.
The documents were related to the Saudi agenda in Iran. The documents were later listed on WikiLeaks. Furthermore, a Saudi diplomat planned to use the Persian and Arabic-language media, also the Arab-speaking citizens of Southern and Western Iran for provoking mass protests in that region.
The Hajj stampede escalated tensions between Saudi Arabia and Iran due to the deaths of Iranian pilgrims in the stampede.
Iranian leaders accused Saudi authorities of being responsible for the disaster. On 2 January , 47 people were put to death in several Saudi cities, including prominent Shia cleric Nimr al-Nimr.
Protesters of the executions responded by demonstrating in Iran's capital, Tehran. That same day a few protesters would eventually ransack the Saudi Embassy in Tehran and later set it ablaze.
On 3 January , Saudi Arabia's foreign ministry announced that it would cut diplomatic ties with Iran due to the violence that had occurred at their embassy.
After the events, Saudi Arabia refused to play in Iran during the AFC Champions League. On 7 January , Iran's foreign ministry made the claim that Saudi warplanes had "deliberately" targeted its embassy to Yemen in the city of Sanaa.
Iran's report included claims that,"a number of the building's guards" had been injured as a result of the bombing.
Despite this assertion Sanaa residents and the Associated Press have reported that the embassy suffered no visible damage. Currently General Ahmad Asseri from the Saudi-led coalition is investigating Iran's allegations.
Later on, Asseri announced no evidence was found for the accusation neither by the Arab Coalition Military nor by the legitimate Yemeni government.
In September - following disputes, the Iranian government barred its citizens from making the hajj. Iran claimed that the incident was the result of Saudi "incompetence.
In the first week of January , the Saudi Minister for Pilgrims invited more than 80 countries including Iran for Iranian participation in the forthcoming Hajj rituals.
Iran has also confirmed the receipt of Saudi invitation and is willing to discuss arrangements for the hajj season. The Iranian delegation is expected to travel to Saudi Arabia on 23 February to discuss the participation of Iranian pilgrims.
The major general of Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps IRGC Qasem Soleimani was assassinated in a targeted American drone strike on 3 January in Baghdad airport, when he was invited by Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi as a mediator to talk about Iran's response to a previous message from Saudi Arabia related to normalization of relationship between the two nations.
In May , leaked top secret documents of Saudi government by Yemeni hackers called "Saudileaks" uncovered that Saudi Intelligence Agency was offering unsolicited aid to United States which would hit "an efficient and preemptive blow" to IRGC commanders.
Historically, Iran—Saudi relationships have always been uncertain, something attributed to the different sects that the majority populations in both the countries follow.
It is in this context that Iran-Saudi hostilities are sometimes seen as being the successor to Ottoman—Safavid relations. Leading Sunni and Shi'ite Clerics in both the countries deemed each other's religious beliefs as incorrect for decades.
An attempt was made by the Sunnis to take the Tomb of Imam Hussein, one of the important religious leaders of Shi'ite theology and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad whose life is considered the main difference between Sunni and Shi'ite sects.
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Our two nations can and should build on these positive examples of tentative cooperation to reduce tensions in our volatile region at a time when any spark could set alight the entire region.
But time is of the essence. Postponing de-escalation would be a grave mistake, as the region has proved time and again that on the rare occasion that opportunities for constructive dialogue present themselves, they must be grasped swiftly before they vanish.
Abdulaziz Sager is the chair and founder of the Gulf Research Center. Hossein Mousavian, a former senior Iranian diplomat, is a Middle East security and nuclear specialist at Princeton University.
World Europe US Americas Asia Australia Middle East Africa Inequality Global development. Opinion Middle East and North Africa.Es wirft Teheran vor, sich in die Angelegenheiten der arabischen Welt einzumischen. Noch im Jahre fanden Boxen Rtl Nitro, teilweise geheime, Besuche statt. Datenbank "Politische Bildung und Polizei". Im Sommer entsandte die iranische Führung Mehdi Haschemi Rafsandschani und den iranischen Botschafter in Deutschland Hossein Mousavian zu viertägigen Gesprächen mit dem saudischen Kronprinzen Abdullah nach Casablanca. 1/31/ · Both Iran and Saudi Arabia perceive the other to be keen on dominating the region. Riyadh views Iran as intent on encircling the kingdom with its allied non-state actors; Tehran views Riyadh as a. 1/27/ · IRAN backed militias in Iraq are feared to have opened a new front against Saudi Arabia, sparking fears of open war in the middle east, according to web-media-solution.com: Edward Browne. 9/16/ · Saudi Arabia has been emboldened by support from the Trump administration while Israel, which sees Iran as a mortal threat, is in a sense "backing" the Saudi effort to contain Iran. image. Calling Saudi Arabia’s war against Iran’s proxies in Yemen, the Houthis, a “humanitarian and strategic catastrophe,” President Joe Biden on Thursday ended arms sales to the Kingdom. Saudi Arabia and the U.S. have blamed that attack, which temporarily halved Saudi oil production and saw a spike in oil prices, on Iran. Tehran has denied being involved and the Houthis claimed the assault, though the drones involved appear to be Iranian-made. Both Iran and Saudi Arabia perceive the other to be keen on dominating the region. Riyadh views Iran as intent on encircling the kingdom with its allied non-state actors; Tehran views Riyadh as a. The Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict, sometimes also referred to as the Middle Eastern Cold War, is the ongoing struggle for influence in the Middle East and surrounding regions between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is feared to have come under a second attack in just a few days after a loud explosion was heard over its capital city Riyadh. The country is now facing a “complex security challenge”.